© Reuters. FILE PHOTO: John Williams, chief executive officer of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, speaks at an event in New York, U.S., November 6, 2019. REUTERS/Carlo Allegri/File Photo
By Michael S. Derby
WASHINGTON (Reuters) -Federal Reserve Bank of New York President John Williams said Friday how financial conditions play out will be a key contributor to his thinking about what’s next for central bank interest rate policy.
“The economic outlook is uncertain, and our policy decisions will be driven by the data and the achievement of our maximum employment and price stability mandates,” Williams said in a speech in Bridgeport, Conn.
“I am confident that our actions will bring inflation down to our 2% longer-run goal.”
But Williams, who also serves as vice-chairman of the rate-setting Federal Open Market Committee, stopped short of saying what he thinks lies ahead for monetary policy in the wake of turbulent financial conditions tied to a two recent bank failures.
When the Fed met last week and raised its overnight target rate it noted that tighter financial conditions will likely weigh on growth. Some at the central bank have hinted this restraint may take pressure off the Fed to raise rates much beyond their current 4.75% to 5% range.
In thinking about monetary policy, “I will be particularly focused on assessing the evolution of credit conditions and their effects on the outlook for growth, employment, and inflation,” Williams said in his speech.
The New York Fed president’s remarks Friday were his first since the FOMC met last week. At that gathering, officials penciled in one more increase for this year and then steady policy for the remainder of the year.
On rate rises over the last year, Williams said after his speech that “so far mostly what we’ve done is bring interest rates back to a more normal, slightly restrictive stance.”
In his remarks, Williams laid out some short-term pain for the economy as the Fed uses policy to cool inflation.
The official said he expects inflation to ebb to 3.25% this year. Earlier Friday, the government reported that the overall level of the personal consumption expenditures price index ticked down slightly to a 5% year-over-year advance in February.
Williams said he expects it to hit the 2% target in the next two years.
Meanwhile, he sees U.S. gross domestic product growing modestly this year and then faster in 2024, with the jobless rate, now at 3.6%, moving up to around 4.5% over the next year.
Williams did not comment on the surge in emergency Fed lending banks have tapped over recent weeks, which was largely stable at very a very high number as of Wednesday.
Williams cautioned in comments after his formal remarks that troubles seen by banks over recent weeks are “very different from the financial crisis of 2008.” He said on balance banks are strong and resilient.